Infertility Workup (Male/Female)

Infertility Workup

The infertility workup generally includes laboratory and imaging tests used to determine whether a man or woman is able to conceive a child. Various fertility tests are available for both men and women, and the specific test recommended will depend on the individual’s age, health history, and other factors.

Depending on the results of the fertility tests, a couple may be advised to try specific fertility treatments, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), or may be told that their chances of conceiving a child are very low. While fertility tests can be stressful, they can also provide invaluable information for couples trying to conceive.

Female fertility tests include

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

An X-ray of your reproductive organs that uses contrast media to verify that the uterus and fallopian tubes are free of blockages.

Transvaginal ultrasound

This exam involves placing an ultrasound probe inside the vagina to examine the uterus and ovaries and count developing follicles at a specific time during your menstrual cycle.

Blood tests

Based on hormone levels such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), antimüllerian hormone (AMH), and estradiol, a fertility specialist can determine an individual’s ovarian reserve, providing valuable information about egg quantity and fertility medications.

Further fertility tests may be ordered for women if these initial tests do not resolve why they are unable to conceive.

Additional blood tests

checking for thyroid disorders and other problems that can cause infertility, menstrual irregularities, and miscarriage.


Using saline to fill the uterus, abnormalities that may cause infertility or miscarriage can be detected.


A procedure in which a lighted scope is passed through the cervix to view the interior of the cervix and uterus and look for any abnormalities.


a procedure that uses a lighted scope to look for signs of endometriosis, cysts, fibroids, and other abnormalities inside the abdomen.

Additionally, your doctor will recommend a genetic carrier screening before conception so you can determine whether you or your partner are carriers of inheritable genetic diseases.

Male fertility tests include

Male infertility testing starts with a semen analysis. A sample of semen will be collected by the male partner, which is immediately analyzed by the andrologists at our IVF centre.

The sperm sample will be examined for the following parameters.

Volume of the semen.

Concentration: A measure of how many sperm are present in each millilitre of semen.

Motility:  the percentage of moving sperm

Morphology:the percentage of sperm that appear normal

Any signs of infection in the reproductive system

Following the test results, our specialists will determine whether male factor infertility is a concern.

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